Encyclopedia Articles

The selection of articles presented in this section highlights the contributions made by the Institute's faculty and academic staff to the various Encyclopedias on Islam and Muslim civilizations in several languages.

A complete list of these encyclopedia contributions is available in this page from which some articles have been published on the IIS website and can be accessed online. 

Javdan-nama
Javdan-nama (also known as Javdan-nama-ye kabir or Javdan-nama-ye elahi), the major work of Fadhl-Allah Astarabadi (d. 1394; q.v.), the founder of the Hurufi movement. The title, which can be translated from Persian either as the “Eternal Book” or as the “Book of Eternity”, has been...
Ja‘far b. Mansur al-Yaman
This is an edited version of an article that was originally published in the Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XIV, Fasc. 4, p. 349, in December 2008.   Ja‘far b. Manusr al-Yaman was a high-ranking Ismaili author who flourished during the reigns of the first four Fatimid caliphs. His father, Ibn...
Farid al-Din ‘Attar
Farid al-Din ‘Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran, and a contemporary of the philosophers/poets, Jalal al-Din Rumi and Nasir al-Din Tusi. One of his most well-known works, Mantiq al-Tayr, The Conference of the Birds, is a 4,500 line poem that traces the journey of 30 birds...
Ka‘ba or Kaaba
The Ka‘ba, situated in Mecca, is one of the most significant structures for Muslims. Throughout the world, it is the point of orientation for the daily ritual prayers of Muslims and is also the focal point of the Pilgrimage (hajj). According to Muslim tradition, it is also the location of the...
‘Ayn al-Qudat Al-Hamadani
‘Ayn al-Qudat Al-Hamadani, Abu ’l-Ma‘ali ‘Abdallah [or Muhammad] b. Abi Bakr Muhammad b. [Abi ’l-Hasan] ‘Ali b. al-Hasan b. ‘Ali al-Mayanaji [or al-Miyanaji] was an influential Sufi and important author of original works on mystical theology and spiritual practice in both Arabic and Persian;...
Satr
Satr, “concealment”, a term used in a variety of senses, particularly by the Isma‘iliyya. The Isma‘ilis originally used it in reference to a period in their early history, called dawr al-satr, stretching from soon after the death of Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq in 148/765 CE to the establishment of...
Abu Ishaq Quhistani
Few biographical details are available on Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Quhistani, a prominent Nizari Ismaili author and missionary (da‘i), who flourished in the second half of the 9th AH / 15th CE century and died not too long after 904 AH/1498 CE. He was born in the district of Mu’minabad, to the east...
Dezkuh
Dezkuh (or Sahdez), a medieval mountain fortress situated in central Persia on the summit of Mount Soffa, about 8 km south of Isfahan. No information is available on the construction date of this strategically situated fortress, which guarded the routes to Isfahan, but, like some other ruins...
Ismaili Philosophy
Ismailism belongs to the Shi‘a branch of Islam, and, in common with various Muslim interpretive communities, has been concerned with developing a philosophical discourse to elucidate foundational Qur’anic and Islamic beliefs and principles.
Ismaili Studies
In its modern and scientific form, dating to the 1930s, Ismaili studies represent one of the newest fields of Islamic studies. Before this time, the Ismailis were almost exclusively studied and evaluated on the basis of evidence collected, or often fabricated, by their detractors. As a result...

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