Publication

  • Les Fatimides et leurs Successeurs au Yémen : L’Histoire d’une Communauté Islamique.

    Édition Arabe et résumé en anglais du volume 7 ‘Uyuninfo-icon al-akhbr de Idris ‘Imad al-Dininfo-icon, Londres: I.B. Tauris en association avec l’Institut des Études Ismaili, 2002. pp. x + 109 (Anglais) + 397 (Arabe).

    ISBN HardBack:
    1 86064 690 5
  • La reconstitution aux temps modernes des manuscrits ismailis originels a révélé la diversité de l’héritage de cette riche littérature, allant des textes légaux ou autres, exotériques aux traités sur les ta’wilinfo-icon ou les exégèses ésotériques, les pensées ismailis de toutes sortes, et une variété de sujets théologiques et philosophiques. Pourtant, le progrès moderne dans les études ismailis a également montré que les Da‘iinfo-icons Ismailis, qui ont été dans le même temps des savants et des auteurs de leur communauté, n’ont pas été particulièrement intéressés à l’historiographie. Parmi les quelques travaux historiques trouvés dans la littérature ismailie, les écrits ‘Imad al-Dininfo-icon b. al-Hasan de Idris, qui ont guidé l’Ismaili Musta’li Tayyibi de Yémen en tant que dix-neuvième da‘i mutlaq du Yémen durant quatre décades jusqu’à sa mort en 872/1468, ont occupé une position centrale. Ce da‘i savant, qui a eu accès à nombreuses sources ismailies, en fait, a produit plusieurs histoires incluant le Uyuninfo-icon al–akhbar, la seule histoire compréhensible des Imams ismailis, depuis les premiers temps jusqu’à la dernière période fatimide quand l’Ismailisme s’était déjà séparé entre ses principaux nizarisinfo-icon et les factions musta’li.
     

    Le septième et dernier volume ‘Uyun al–akhbar de Idris est publié ici pour la première fois dans une édition critique préparée par le Professeur Ayman Fu’ad Sayyidinfo-icon, accompagnée d’un résumé de la traduction anglaise. Ce volume véhicule le récit depuis le temps du Fatimide Calife Imaminfo-icon al-Mustansir bi’llah (427-487/1036-1094), et la renaissance des da‘wainfo-icon ismailis au Yémen sous les Sulayhidsinfo-icon, jusqu’au règne des deux successeurs de al-Mustansir sur le trône fatimide, al-Musta’li et al-Amirinfo-icon, et des origines du da’wa Tayyibi au Yémen avec l’appui de la reine Sulayhid al-Malika al-Sayyida (d.532/1138). C’est, en effet, la plus importante source ismailie sur les premières histoires du da’wa Musta’li-Tayyibi au Yémen reflétant la tradition locale de la communauté. Comme tels, les comptes-rendus de Idris sur les origines de l’Ismailisme Tayyibi sont en conflit avec la version soumise par les Hafizisinfo-icon, l’autre communauté ismailie Musta’li qui a reconnu en tant qu’Imam le dernier calife fatimide après al-Amir (d.524/1130), mais n’a pas longtemps survécu à l’effondrement de la dynastie fatimide en 567/1171. Similairement, le compte rendu sur la dispute de la succession du Nizari Musta’li reflète le point de vue officiel des Tayyibisinfo-icon, les seuls survivants de la communauté Musta’li au Yémen et ailleurs – un point de vue qui est rejeté par la tradition ismailie Nizari. Les Nizaris ont soutenu les droits de Nizar (d. 495/1101), le fils aîné de al-Mustansir et héritier légitime qui a été écarté de force en faveur de son jeune demi-frère al-Musta’li (d.495/1101) par le tout puissant vizir fatimide al-Afdal.
     

    Le large éventail de projets de recherches entrepris ou encouragés par l’Institut des Etudes Ismailies sert à refléter la pluralité en Islam ainsi qu’une diversité d’interprétations dans le Shi’ism, incluant non seulement l’Ismailisme de différentes branches mais aussi les Shi’ismes Ithna’ashari et Zaydi. C’est dans cet esprit académique et afin d’améliorer le progrès dans les études ismailies, que le présent texte est proposé ici dans les textes ismailis et les séries de traduction.
     

    Edité depuis l’avant-propos par Farhad Daftary

     

  • Préface, de Farhad Daftary
     

    Introduction
     

    Uyuninfo-icon al–akhbar, vol. 7 (Résumé Anglais du texte Arabe)

    Bibliographie

     
    Index au texte anglais

    ‘Uyun al–akhbar, vol. 7 (Texte Arabe, Bibliographie et indices)

     

  • Abu Makhrama, ‘Abd Allah al–Tayyib. Ta’rikh thaghr ‘Adan, in O. Löfgren, ed., Arabische Texte zur Kenntnis der Stadt Aden im Mittelalter. Uppsala, 1936–50.
     

    Bates, Michael L. ‘The Chapter on the Fatimid Da‘iinfo-icons in Yemen in the Ta’rich of ‘Umara al–Hakami (d. 569/1174): An Interpolation,’ in Studies in the History of Arabia, I: Sources for the History of Arabia. Riyadh, 1979, pp. 51–61.
     

    Bianquis, Thierry. Damas et la Syrie sous la domination fatimide (359–468/969–1076). Damascus, 1986–89.
     

    Brockelmann, Carl. Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur. 2nd ed., Leiden, 1943–49; Supplementbände, Leiden, 1937–42.
     

    Burhanpuri, Qutbinfo-icon al–Dininfo-icon. Muntaza‘ al–akhbar fi akhbar al–du‘at al–akhyar, partial ed. S.F. Traboulsi. Beirut, 1999.
     

    Canard, Marius. ‘Fatimidsinfo-icon,’ EI2, vol. 2, pp. 850–62.
     

    Cortese, Delia. Ismaili and Other Arabic Manuscripts: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies. London, 2000.
     

    Creswell, Keppel A.C. The Muslim Architecture of Egypt, vol. 1: Ikhshids and Fatimids. Oxford, 1952.
     

    Daftary, Farhad. The Isma‘ilisinfo-icon: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge, 1990.
     

    —— ‘Hasan–i Sabbah and the Origins of the Nizari Isma‘ili Movement,’ in F. Daftary, ed., Mediaeval Isma‘ili History and Thought. Cambridge, 1996, pp. 181–204.
     

    —— A Short History of the Ismailis: Traditions of a Muslim Community. Edinburgh, 1998.
     

    —— ‘Sayyida Hurra: The Isma‘ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemen,’ in Gavin R.G. Hambly, ed., Women in the Medieval Islamic World. New York, 1998, pp. 117– 130.
     

    Dunlop, D.M. ‘al–Bata’ihi’, EI2, vol. 1, pp. 1091–92.
     

    EI2: Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. H.A.R. Gibb et al. New ed., Leiden–London, 1960 – .
     

    Fischel, W.J. Jews in the Economic and Political Life of Mediaeval Islam. New York, 1969.
     

    Fu’ad Sayyidinfo-icon, Ayman. Masadir ta’rikh al–Yaman fi’l–‘asr al–Islami. Cairo, 1974.
     

    —— ‘Dirasat naqdiyya li–ba‘d masadir junub gharb al–jazirainfo-icon al–‘arabiyya fi’l–‘asr al–Fatimi,’ in Studies in the History of Arabia, I: Sources for the History of Arabia. Riyadh, 1979, pp. 245–52.
     

    —— Ta’rikh al–madhahib al–diniyya fi bilad al–Yaman. Cairo, 1988.
     

    —— La capitale de l’Egypte jusqu’à l’Epoque fatimide (al–Qahira et al–Fustatinfo-icon) – Essai de reconstitution topographique. Beirut, 1998.
     

    —— ‘L’Evolution de la composition du genre des khitat en Egypte musulmane,’ Annales Islamologiques, 33 (1999), pp. 63–73.
     

    —— al–Dawlainfo-icon al–Fatimiyyainfo-icon fi Misr: tafsir jadid. 2nd ed., Cairo, 2000.
     

    Fyzee, Asaf A.A. ‘A Chronological List of the Imams and Da‘is of the Musta‘lian Ismailis,’ Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, NS, 10 (1934), pp. 8–16.
     

    —— ‘A Collection of Fatimid Manuscripts,’ in N.N. Gidwani, ed., Comparative Librarianship: Essays in Honour of Professor D.N. Marshall. Delhi, 1973, pp. 209–20.
     

    Gacek, Adam. Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies. London, 1984–85.
     

    Ghalib, Mustafa. A‘lam al–Isma‘iliyya. Beirut, 1964.
     

    Goriawala, Mu‘izz. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Fyzee Collection of Ismaili Manuscripts. Bombay, 1965.
     

    Gottheil, Richard J.H. ‘A Distinguished Family of Fatimide Cadis (al–Nu‘man) in the Tenth Century,’ Journal of American Oriental Studies, 27 (1906), pp. 217– 96.
     

    Halm, Heinz. The Empire of the Mahdiinfo-icon: The Rise of the Fatimids, tr. M. Bonner, Leiden, 1996.
     

    —— The Fatimids and their Traditions of Learning. London, 1997.
     

    Hamdani, Abbas. ‘The Da‘i Hatim Ibn Ibrahim al–Hamidi (d. 596 AH/1199 AD) and his Book Tuhfat al–Qulub,’ Oriens, 23–24 (1970–71), pp. 258–300.
     

    —— ‘Evolution of the Organisational Structure of the Fatimi Da‘wah. The Yemeni and Persian Contribution,’ Arabian Studies, 3 (1976), pp. 85–114.
     

    —— ‘The Tayyibi–Fatimid Community of the Yaman at the Time of the Ayyubid Conquest of Southern Arabia,’ Arabian Studies, 7 (1985), pp. 151–60.
     

    Hamdani, Husayn F. ‘The Life and Times of Queen Saiyidah Arwa the Sulayhid of the Yemen,’ Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society, 18 (1931), pp. 505–17.
     

    —— ‘The History of the Isma‘ili Da‘wat and its Literature during the Last Phase of the Fatimid Empire,’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1932), pp. 126–36.
     

    —— ‘The Letters of al–Mustansir bi’llah,’ Bulletin of the School of Oriental (and African) Studies, 7 (1934), pp. 307–24.
     

    —— ‘Some Unknown Isma‘ili Authors and their Works,’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1933), pp. 359–78.
     

    —— al–Sulayhiyyun wa’l–haraka al–Fatimiyya fi’l–Yaman. Cairo, 1955.
     

    Ibn Khallikan, Abu’l–‘Abbas Ahmad. Biographical Dictionary, tr. W.M. de Slane. Paris, 1842–71.
     

    Ibn Malik al–Hammadi al–Yamani, Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad. Kashf asrar al– Batiniyyainfo-icon wa akhbar al–Qaramita, ed. Muhammad Zahid al–Kawthari. Cairo, 1357/1939.
     

    Ibn Ma’mun al–Bata’ihi, Jamal al–Din Abu ‘Ali Musa. Nusus min akhbar Misr, ed. A. Fu’ad Sayyid. Cairo, 1983.
     

    Ibn Muyassar, Taj al–Din Muhammad. Akhbar Misr, ed. A. Fu’ad Sayyid. Cairo, 1981.
     

    Ibn Zafir al–Azdi, Jamal al–Din ‘Ali. Akhbar al–duwal al–munqati‘a, ed. A. Ferré. Cairo, 1972.
     

    Idris, Hady R. La Berbérie orientale sous les Zirides Xe–XIIe siècles. Paris, 1962.
     

    Idris ‘Imad al–Din b. al–Hasan. Uyuninfo-icon al–akhbar wa funun al–athar, vols. 4–6, ed. Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut, 1973–78; vol. 5, partially ed. Farhat al–Dashrawi, as Ta’rikh al–dawla al–Fatimiyya bi’l–Maghribinfo-icon (al–Mahdi al–Qa’iminfo-icon al–Mansur khawrat Abi Yazid). Tunis, 1979; vols. 5 and part of 6, ed. Muhammad al–Ya‘lawi as Ta’rikh al–khulafa’ al–Fatimiyyin bi’l–Maghrib: al–qism al–khass min kitab ‘Uyun al–akhbar. Beirut, 1985.
     

    —— Rawdat al–akhbar, ed. Muhammad b. ‘Ali al–Akwa’ al–Hawali. Sana‘a, 1995.
     

    —— Zahr al–ma‘ani, ed. Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut, 1991.
     

    al–Imad, Leila S. ‘Women and Religion in the Fatimid Caliphateinfo-icon: The Case of al– Sayyidah al–Hurrah, Queen of Yemen,’ in Michel M. Mazzaoui and Vera B. Moreen, ed., Intellectual Studies on Islam: Essays Written in Honor of Martin Dickson. Salt Lake City, Utah, 1990, pp. 137–144.
     

    —— The Fatimid Vizierate, 969–1172. Berlin, 1990.
     

    Ivanow, Wladimir. A Guide to Ismaili Literature. London, 1933.
     

    —— Ismaili Literature: A Bibliographical Survey. Tehran, 1963.
     

    Kay, Henry C., ed. and tr. Yaman: Its Early Mediaeval History. London, 1892.
     

    al–Kharbutli, ‘Ali Husna. ‘Imad al–Din Idris al–da‘i wa’l–mu’arrikh al–Fatimi (794–872h) . Cairo, 1973.
     

    Klemm, Verena. Die Mission des fatimidischen Agenten al–Mu’ayyad fi d–din in Širaz. Frankfurt, etc., 1989.
     

    Kraus, Paul. ‘La Bibliographie Ismaëlienne de W. Ivanow,’ Revue des Etudes Islamiques, 6 (1932), pp. 483–95.
     

    Madelung, Wilferd. ‘The Sirat al–amirayn al–ajallayn al–sharifayn al–fadlayn al– Qasim wa–Muhammad ibnay Ja‘far ibn al–Imaminfo-icon al–Qasim b. ‘Ali al–‘Iyani as a Historical Source,’ in ‘Abdallah ‘Abd al–Qadir Muhmud, Sami Saqqar and Richard Mortel, ed., Studies in the History of Arabia, I: Sources for the History of Arabia, Part 2. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Studies in the History of Arabia. Riyadh, 1979, vol. 2, pp. 69–87.
     

    —— ‘Isma‘iliyya,’ EI2, vol. 4, pp. 198–206.
     

    —— ‘Mansur al–Yaman,’ EI2, vol. 6, pp. 438–39.
     

    al–Majdu‘, Isma‘il b. ‘Abd al–Rasulinfo-icon. Fihrist al–kutub wa’l–rasa’il, ed. ‘A.N. Munzavi. Tehran, 1966.
     

    Mann, Jacob. The Jews in Egypt and in Palestine under the Fatimid Caliphs. Oxford, 1920–22.
     

    al–Maqrizi, Taqi al–Din Ahmad. Itti‘az al–hunafa’ bi–akhbar al–a’imma al–Fatimiyyin al–khulafa’, ed. J. al–Shayyal and M.H.M. Ahmad. Cairo, 1967–73.
     

    al–Mu’ayyad fi’l–Din al–Shirazi, Abu Nasr Hibat Allah. Sirat al–Mu’ayyad fi’l–Din da‘i al–du‘at, ed. M. Kamil Husayn. Cairo, 1949.
     

    al–Mustansir bi’llah, Abu Tamim Ma‘add. al–Sijillat al–Mustansiriyya, ed. ‘Abd al–Mun‘im Majid. Cairo, 1954.
     

    Poonawala, Ismail K. Biobibliography of Isma‘ili Literature. Malibu, Calif., 1977.
     

    —— ‘Isma‘ili Sources for the History of South–West Arabia,’ in Studies in the History of Arabia, I: Sources for the History of Arabia. Riyadh, 1979, pp. 151–59.
     

    —— al–Sultan al–Khattab: hayatuhu wa shi‘ruhu. 2nd ed., Beirut, 1999.
     

    —— ‘Idris b. al–Hasan,’ EI2, Supplement, p. 407.
     

    —— ‘al–Mu’ayyad fi’l–Din,’ EI2, vol. 7, pp. 270–71.
     

    al–Qalqashandi, Ahmad b. ‘Ali. Subh al–a‘sha fi sina‘at al–insha’, ed. M.‘A. Ibrahim. Cairo, 1331–38/1913–20.
     

    Qutb al–Din, Bad‘at Sayfiyya. ‘A Section from the ‘Uyun al–Akhbar wa Funun al–Athar (volume VII) of Da‘i Idris ‘Imad al–Din (d. 872/1468) and the Succession Controversy following the Death of the Fatimid Caliphinfo-icon al–Mustansir: The Claims of the Musta‘liyya and the Nizariyyainfo-icon.’ MA thesis, American University in Cairo, 1993.
     

    Qutbuddin, Bazat Tahera. ‘Al–Mu’ayyad fi al–Din al–Shirazi: Founder of a New Tradition of Fatimid Da‘wainfo-icon Poetry.’ PhD thesis, Harvard University, 1999.
     

    Sanders, Paula. ‘Claiming the Past: Ghadir Khumminfo-icon and the Rise of Hafiziinfo-icon Historiography in late Fatimid Egypt,’ Studia Islamica, 75 (1992), pp. 81–104.
     

    Smith, G.R. ‘Sulayhidsinfo-icon,’ EI2, vol. 9, pp. 815–817.
     

    Smoor, Pieter. ‘‘Umara’s Elegies and the Lamp of Loyalty,’ Annales Islamologiques, 34 (2000), pp. 467–564.
     

    —— ‘‘Umara’s Odes Describing the Imam,’ Annales Islamologiques, 35 (2001), pp. 549–626.
     

    —— ‘‘Umara al–Yamani,’ EI2, vol. 10, p. 836.
     

    Stern, Samuel M. ‘The Epistle of the Fatimid Caliph al–Amirinfo-icon (al–Hidaya al– Amiriyya) – Its Date and its Purpose,’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1950), pp. 20–31, reprinted in his History and Culture in the Medieval Muslim World. London, 1984, article X.
     

    —— ‘The Succession to the Fatimid Imam al–Amir, the Claims of the Later Fatimids to the Imamateinfo-icon, and the Rise of Tayyibi Ismailism,’ Oriens, 4 (1951), pp. 193–255, reprinted in his History and Culture in the Medieval Muslim World. London, 1984, article XI.
     

    —— Fatimid Decrees: Original Documents from the Fatimid Chancery. London, 1964.
     

    —— ‘Cairo as the Centre of the Isma‘ili Movement,’ Colloque international sur l’histoire du Caire. Cairo, 1972, pp. 437–50, reprinted in his Studies in Early Isma‘ilism. Jerusalem and Leiden, 1983, pp. 234–56.
     

    —— ‘al–Amir bi–Ahkam Allah,’ EI2, vol. 1, p. 440.
     

    Strothmann, Rudolf and G.R. Smith. ‘Najahids,’ EI2, vol. 7, pp. 861–62.
     

    Traboulsi, Samer F. ‘Gender, Authority and Legitimacy in Medieval Yemen: The Case of Arwa Bint Ahmad.’ MA thesis, American University of Beirut, 1998.
     

    Tritton, Arthur S. ‘Notes on Some Ismaïli Manuscripts,’ Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 7 (1933), pp. 33–39.
     

    ‘Umara al–Yamani, ‘Ali b. Ahmad. Ta’rikh al–Yaman, ed. Shukri Faysal. Damascus, 1964; ed. Qadiinfo-icon Muhammad b. ‘Ali al–Akwa‘. Cairo, 1967.
     

    Walker, Paul E. ‘Succession to Rule in the Shiiteinfo-icon Caliphate,’ Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, 32 (1995), pp. 239–264.
     

    —— ‘The Isma‘ili Da‘wa and the Fatimid Caliphate,’ in M.W. Daly, ed., The Cambridge History of Egypt: Volume 1, Islamic Egypt, 640–1517, ed. C.F. Petry. Cambridge, 1998, pp. 120–50.
     

    —— Exploring an Islamic Empire: Fatimid History and its Sources. London, 2002.
     

    Wiet, Gaston. ‘al–Afdal b. Badr al–Djamali,’ EI2, vol. 1, pp. 215–16.