Castle of Khawabi














Town and FortressCastle WallsOld Citadel

The castle of Khawabi is about 20 kilometres from Tartus in Syria. It is 350 metres long and 200 metres wide. The town surrounding the castle was reoccupied by a group of Ismailis in the nineteenth century who still live comfortably in its ancient buildings. Khwabi is the only remaining example of a fairly complete Ismaili castle.


Timeline



  • Around 535/1140-1, the Ismailis captured several fortresses in the Jabal Bahra’ including Khawabi, Rusafa, Maniqa and Qulay‘a, which became collectively designated as the qila‘ al-da‘wainfo-icon.
  • Sometime after 555/1160, the Syrian Ismaili leader, Rashid al-Dininfo-icon Sinan (d. 589/1193) rebuilt Khawabi as well as the fortress of Rusafa.
  • By Dhu’l-Qada 671/ May 1273, Khawabi, Qulay‘a and Maniqa had surrendered to Baybars (d. 675/1277) and the Mamluk armies.

The town and fortress of Khawabi



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Khawabi’s castle walls



Khawabi’s castle walls now used as cattle sheds.


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The old citadel of Khwabi



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